DETERMINANTS OF SOLID WASTE GENERATION AND DISPOSAL SYSTEMS AMONG NEIGHBOURHOODS IN BENIN CITY

Andrew Onwuemele

Abstract


The effective management of solid waste has added to the plethora of development challenges facing many developing countries cities including Nigeria. As Nigerian cities continue to experience rapid urbanization, the resulting solid wastes generated by households have grown beyond the capacity of local authorities to effectively manage. The residents of Benin City where this study is based dump refuse indiscriminately along the streets, roads and open spaces. This has resulted to the presence of mountain of refuse that have become a common feature in the city landscape. Over the years, many scholars have focused on analysis of socio-economic and environmental consequences of poor solid waste disposal in Nigerian cities. However, little or no study has examined the determinants of solid waste generation and disposal systems among households. This study therefore analyses the determinants of solid waste generation and disposal systems using Benin City as a case study. The study utilizes simple survey design covering six randomly selected neighbourhoods in Benin City. The main instrument of data collection was a questionnaire which was administered to 300 households in 6 selected neighbourhoods. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study reveals that the quantity of waste generated as well as solid waste disposal methods among households were a reflection of variation of socio-economic attributes  of the peoples.The paper calls for the mainstreaming of socio-economic attributes of households and neighbourhoods in the design and implementation of solid waste disposal system.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abumere, S. (1983). City Surface Solid Waste in Nigeria Cities. Environmental International, 9 391 - 396.

Adedibu,A.A (1990). Development Control and Environmental Protection: A case of Ilorin. A paper presented at 2oth Annual Conference of the NITP Kano 25th - 27th Oct.

Cointreau-Levine, S., (1994): Private Sector Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Management Service in Developing Countries. Vol. 1. The Formal Sector-UNDP/UNCHS/ The World Bank-Urban Management Programme. 52 pp.

Atedhor, G.O, Odjugo, P.A.O and Uriri, A.E (2010). Changing Rainfall and Anthropogenic-Induced Flooding:Impacts and Adaptation Strategies in Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Vol. 4(1), pp. 42-52.

Daskalopoulos, E., O. Badr and S.D. Probert, (1998): An Integrated Approach to Municipal Solid Waste Management. Res. Cons. R ec., 24(1): 33-50.

El-Fadel, Mutasem et al. (1997): “Environmental impacts of solid waste landfilling.”Journal of Environmental Management. 50(1): 1-25.

Falade, J. B. (1998). Publication Acquisition of Land for Landscaping and Open Space Management. Journal of Nigeria Institute of Town Planners, 1(1), 1

Hoornweg, D. and Bhada-Tata, P. (2012). What a waste: a global review of solid waste management. Urban development series; Knowledge paper No. 15, Washington D.C- The world bank.

Ikporukpo, C. O. (1993). Population, Resources, Environment and Development. UNDP/NIR/ 91/001. Population and Development, 86 – 96

Ita M. (2003). Waste- is the developing world ready? Science in Africa. Africa's First On-line Science Magazine. Science Magazine for Africa. MERCK.

Kayode, A. M. and Omole, F. K (2011). Some socio-economic factors affecting solid wastes Generation and disposal in Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries, Volume 3 Number 1, 55-64

Odemerho, F.O. (1988): Benin City: A Case Study of Urban Flood Problems” in Sada, P.O. and Odemerho, F.O. (eds.), Environmental Issues and Management in Nigeria Development, Ibadan: Evans.

Ogwueleka ,T.C (2009): Municial Solid Waste Characteristics and Management in Nigeria. Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 173-180

Okoye, C.O. (2004). Household Solid Waste Generation and Disposal in the public Housing Estates in Awka. unpublished M.Sc Dissertation, Department of Geography/Meteorology and Environmental Management, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.

Okosun, A.E. (2011). Contradictions in the Perception and Attitude of Stakeholders in Development Control Machinery in Nigerian Cities. A.E. Okosun /Journal of Environmental Management and Safety Vol. 2 No. 3, 13 – 24

Oyelola, O.T, Babatunde, A.L, and Odunlade, A.K (2009): Health Implications Of Solid Waste Disposal: Case Study Of Olusosun Dumpsite, Lagos, Nigeria. Int. Jor. P. App. Scs., 3(2):1-8

Rush book, P. and Pugh, M. (1999), Solid waste and Landfills in Middle and Lower Income Countries World Bank Technical Paper No. 426

Rossel, S.A., Jorge, M.F. (1999): Cuban strategy for management and control of waste. In: Barrage, A., Edelmann, X. (Eds.), Recovery, Recycling, Re-integration (R ’99) Congress Proceedings, vol. 1. EMPA, Switzerland, pp. 287–290.

Seo, S. (2004): “Environmental Impact of Solid Waste Treatment Methods in Korea. Journal of Environmental Engineering. 130(1): 81-89.

UNICEF (2006). Solid and Liquid Waste Management in Rural areas. A Technical Note, 2006

UN Habitat (2008). State of African Cities Report 2. http:www.unhabitat.org

World Bank, (1992). World Development Report, Development and Environment, New York. Paper No 13.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN (Print): 2276-8645

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.