DEPRESSION AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL GIRLS: THE ROLE OF CHILDHOOD EMOTIONAL ABUSE AND EATING DISORDER

Ejike H. Mgbenkemdi, T. O. Ozor

Abstract


The study investigated the depression among secondary school girls: the role of childhood emotional abuse and eating disorder. Using convenience sampling technique, 103 participants comprising of 48 JSS2 and 55 SS1 from Girls Grammar School Awkunanaw were drawn to participate in the study. Radloff (1977) Center for Epidemiological Studies- Depression Scale (CES-D), Sanders & Becker- Lausen (1995) Child Abuse and Trauma Scale-Emotional Abuse Subscale and Garner (1991) Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) were administered individually to the participants. A co-relational design and multiple regression statistics were used for data collection and analysis to test the hypothesis which stated that childhood emotional abuse and eating disorder would neither jointly nor independently predict depression among secondary school girls. Result showed that there was a significant relationship between the predictor variables i.e. childhood emotional abuse and eating disorder and the criterion variable on depression of r2= 0.78, F(2,103)= 4.21, P<.02. It was suggested that childhood emotional abuse could have a negative impact on the girl child which resulted to disordered eating behaviours as an attempt to cope with overwhelming affect of abuse which led to depression.


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