EMERGENCE OF MAJORITARIAN POLITICS IN INDIA: AN ANALYSIS

Rajkumar Singh

Abstract


The politics of majoritarianism brought a new twist in Indian politics and society as well. By doing so the Congress, at least, paved the way for the more ideologically committed and organisationally cohesive forces of Hindutva-the BJP, the RSS and the VHP to emerge as a major forces on the Indian political scene and the most controversial /emotional symbolic issue of temple-mosque came to the fore. Some extremist Hindu groups, the VHP in particular, began demanding that the Babri Masjid be pulled down and a mandir to Ram built in its place. The demand was based on the claim that Rama, the mythical hero of the great Hindu epic Ramayana, was born exactly on the spot where the mosque stands. On the eve of 1989 elections to the Lok Sabha it along with the corruption charges against Rajiv Gandhi determined the further path of Indian politics. It has rightly been said, ‘Nehru ignored corruption when he took no action against some corrupt leaders, Indira Gandhi encouraged corruption when she described it as a global phenomenon and Rajiv Gandhi allowed himself to get besmirched by corruption in the wake of the Bofors scandal.This inning of Mrs. Gandhi's premiership had changed the earlier role of religious figures as she began to rely on appeal to specific category of voters. She drew Hindu religious figures into the lime light through her patronage of religious institution and played the Hindu card against the minorities. Alike India in other countries too as electoral democracy advances; the ruling parties focus their attention towards majoritarian group-religious or otherwise and prepare them as their polarized vote bank. It's a global issue and this India-based study would generalize many patterns in the context with increased preference for power politics. This development in electoral democracy, no doubt, undermines the real meaning of democracy as a rule of law, it also begets challenges to face and a problem to be addressed fruitfully.


Keywords


Society, Religion, Electoral democracy, Majoritarian politics and Prospect

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