IMMIGRATION, CRIME AND DEVELOPMENT: CONCEPTUAL AND THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES

Muhammad Mubarak Husain

Abstract


This paper seeks to add to the immigration works by examining how the immigrants’ crimes impact on development. The work presents conceptual and theoretical explanations on that. The perception that immigrants increase crime in the destination areas seems to be very rampant. Some of the literature explored confirmed such assertion. In this paper, improved economic viability and the security of property serve as proxies of development. Over decades, there have been both, optimistic and pessimistic arguments about the efficacy of immigration to actualize one or more aspects of development. Hence, the impacts of immigration on development cannot be predetermined with certainty.  They do depend upon the qualities and aspirations of the actor(s) as well as the socio-economic and socio-political structures of the place of destination. The paper recommends revisiting immigration laws and policies. In particular, there should be proper scrutiny of prospective immigrants at the points of entry with a view to ascertaining their visions for appropriate decision and complete documentation of immigrants’ data. Additionally, the socio-economic and socio-political structures of the destination areas ought to be favourable for the mutual benefits of both, the host community and the immigrants. Internationally, beneficial immigration policies should be designed and adhered to by countries.  


Keywords


concept, crime, development, immigration, theory

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbott G. (1916), Immigration and Crime, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, (6), 4:

– 532.

Addo N. (1968), Some Aspects of the Relation Between Migration and Socio – Economic

Development in Ghana – A Paper Presented at the Symposium on Population and

Socio – Economic Development in Ghana, 27 – 28 April, 1968, at the University of

Ghana, Legon.

Adedokun A. (2003), The Rights of Migrant Workers and Members of their Families : Nigeria,

SHS/2003/MC/7, UNESCO.

Adepoju A. (2002), Internal and External Migration Link in Africa www.google.com accessed

on 26/10/11

Afolayan A. and IOM’s Research Division, (2009), Migration in Nigeria : A Country Profile, :

Geneva: International Organisation for Migration

Afolayan et al, (2008), Dynamics of International Migration in Nigeria : Country Paper, A Paper

Prepared as Part of the African Perspectives on Human Mobility Programme, Funded

by the MacArthur Foundation

Baker J. and Aina T. (Eds.), (1995), The Migration Experience in Africa, Sweden:

Nordiska Africainstitutet .

Balan J. (1981), Why People Move: Comparative Perspectives on the Dynamics of Internal

Migration, France: UNESCO Press

Bell B. and Machin S., (2013), Immigration and Crime: Evidence for the UK and other

Countries, UK: Oxford University Press

Bell M., Machin S., and Fasani F. (2010), Crime and Immigration: Evidence from Large

Immigrant Waves, CReAM Discussion Paper No 12/10

Bianchi M., Buonanno P., and Pinotti P., (2010), Do Immigrants Cause Crime? Forthcoming in

The Journal of the European Economic Association.

Cesar A., Garoupa N., and Vazquez P., (2011), Does Immigration Cause Crime? Evidence from

Spain, Working Paper 11-08

Cullen F. T., and Agnew R., (2011), Criminological Theory: Past tp Present, Essential Readings,

(4th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press

Deshingkar P. and Grimm S. (2005), Internal Migration and Development: A Global

Perspective, No 19, Switzerland: IOM.

Douglas A., (2000), “Islam Does Not Belong to Them”: Ethnic and Religious Identities Among

Male Igbo Converts in Hausa land, Journal of the International African Institute,

(70), 3: 422 – 441, Cambridge University Press.

Giddens A., (2009), Sociology, (6th ed.), New Delhi: Wiley India PVT Ltd

Haas H., (2006), International Migration and National Development : Viewpoints and Policy

Initiatives in Countries of Origin, The Case of Nigeria, Working Paper on Migration

and Development Series, Report 6, heindehaas@qeh.ox.ac.uk accessed on 18/08/11

Haas H. (2007), Remittances, Migration and Social Development : A Conceptual Review of the

Literature, Social Policy and Development Programme, Paper No 34, Switzerland:

United Nation’s Research Institute for Social Development, (UNRISD)

Hughes J. and Walsh B. (1980), Internal Migration Flows in Ireland and Their Determinants,

Dublin: The Economic and Social Research Institute

Huzayyin S. and Smith T. (Eds.), (1974), Demographic Aspects of Socio – Economic

Development in Some Arab and African Countries, Cairo: S.O.P. Press.

IOM, (2009), Migration in Nigeria: A Country Profile 2009, Switzerland: IOM

____, (2011), Facts and Figures: Global Estimates and Trends, www.publications.iom.int

accessed on 22/11/11

Kammeyer K., (Ed.) (1970), Population Studies: Selected Essays and Research, Chicago: Rand

Mcnally and Company

Kanics J. et al, (2010), Migrating Alone: Unaccompanied and Separated Children’s Migration

to Europe, France: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisations

(UNESCO)

Kosinski L. and Prothero R. (Eds.), (1975), People on the Move: Studies on Internal Migration,

London: Methuen and Company Limited

Kubat D., (1976), Introduction, in Richmond A. and Kubat D. Internal Migration : The New

World and the Third World (Eds.) California: SAGE Publications Inc.

Kwankye S., (1994), Internal Migration and Fertility in a Sub Urban Area in Ghana: Case Study

of Ashaiman, M.Phil Population Studies Thesis Submitted to University of Ghana,

Legon.

Martinez R., and Lee M. T., (2000), On Immigration and Crime, Criminal Justice, The Nature of

Crime: Continuity and Change, 1: 485 - 524

Meagher K., (2009), The Informalisation of Belonging: Igbo Informal Enterprise and National

Cohesion from Below, Africa Development, (XXXIV) 1: 31 – 46,

Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa

National Population Commission, (NPC), (2011), Data for National Development,

www.pop.gov.ng/index accessed on 16/06/11.

National Population Commission, (NPC), (1998), 1991 Population Census of the Federal

Republic of Nigeria : Analytical Report at the National Level, Abuja: NPC

Nunziata L., (2014), Immigration and Crime: New Empirical Evidence from European

Victimisation Data, IZA Discussion Paper No 8632, Bonn: Institute for the Study of

Labour

Osaghae E. and Suberu T. (2005), A History of Identities, Violence and Stability in Nigeria,

Working Paper No 6, United Kingdom: Center for Research on Inequality, Human

Security and Ethnicity, (CRISE).

Peterson W. (1961), Population, New York: Macmillan Company

Piguet E. et al, (Eds.), (2011), Migration and Climate Change, New York: Cambridge University

Press

Piopiunik M., and Ruhose J., (2015), Immigration, Regional Conditions and Crime: Evidence

from an Allocation Policy in Germany, Discussion paper No 8962, Bonn: Institute for

the Study of Labour

Schaefer R. (2008), Sociology, New York: McGraw- Hill,

Spenkuch J. L., (2013), Understanding the Impact of Immigration on Crime

Tierney, (2010), Criminology: Theory and Context, (3rd ed.), England: Pearson Education

United Nations, (2005), Transnational Organised Crime in the West African Region, New York:

United Nations

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, (2009),

International Migration Report 2006: A Global Assessment, New York

Waters M. C., and Simes J. T., (2013), The Politics of Immigration and Crime, in Sandra M.,

(Ed.), Forthcoming: The Oxford Handbook on Ethnicity, Crime and Immigration,

Oxford University Press.

Weeks J. (2005), Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues (9th ed.), USA:

Wardsworth


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN (Print): 2276-8645

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.