Onaedo C. Ejiofor, Samuel Oni, Raymond I. Nwajei


The period of 2009-2015 experienced the consistent failed operations of the military whereby security agencies at several times failed to subdue internal insurrections. Several reasons have been attributed to these failed operations such as insufficient supplies of arms and ammunition, low morale of the military, leaking of information to the terrorists, economic crimes, and more. Attributive theoretical framework was adopted for the study while the study relies heavily on authoritative and valid secondary sources of data with content analysis for data analysis. Findings of the study reveal that economic crimes during this period threatened the national security whereby the security operatives on several occasions fled from the attacks posed by the Boko Haram insurgents in the northern part of the country. This paper attempts to look at economic crimes and review to what extent these crimes could threaten the national security of the Nigerian state during the period under study. The paper therefore advocates the use of electronic means in the transfer of funds as against the cash transactions in the country which is in a bid to monitor the funds transferred across accounts of individuals in the state.


Military, Economic Crimes, National Security, Arms Scandal, Government

Full Text:



Agu, O. B. (2009). Economic Crimes and National Security: Nigerian Perspective. Retrieved from

Agwai, M. L. (2014). Collective Approach to National Security. Abuja: National Defence College Printing Press

Aje, O. & Felix, C. (2016). “The Logic and Illogic of the ‘Doctrine of Change’ in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic.” International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Reviews, 6(2), 156-163.

Akwara, A.F., Akwara, N.F., Enwuchola, J., Adekunle, M., Udaw, J. E. (2013). “Unemployment and Poverty: Implications for National Security and Good Governance in Nigeria.” International Journal of Public Administration and Management Research, 2. Retrieved from

Anyadike, N. O. (2013). “Boko Haram and National Security Challenges in Nigeria: Causes and Solutions.” Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4(5), 12-23.

Arowosaiye, Y. I. (2015). The Devastating Impact of Money Laundering and other Economic and Financial Crimes on the Economy of Developing Countries: Nigeria as a Case Study. Retrieved from

Baldwin, D. A. (1997). “The Concept of Security” Review of International Studies, 23, 5-26. Retrieved from

Dada, J. A. (2015). “Security Votes in Nigeria: A Desideratum for Security or Recipe for Corruption” Public Policy and Administrative Research 5(7), 24-31.

Egbo, O., Nwakoby, I., Onwumere, J., Uche, C., (2012). “Security Votes in Nigeria: Disguising Stealing from the Public Purse.” Article in African Affairs. doi: 10.1093/afraf/ads060

Ezeamalu, B. (2014) “Boko Haram: Nigerian Army Complains of Inadequate Funding,” Premium Times. Retrieved from

Ezeani, E.O. & Ezeibe, C. C. (2011). “Defence Expenditure and National Security in Nigeria.” In O. Mbachu and A. A. Sokoto (Eds.), Nigerian Defence and Security: Policies and Strategies (pp. 228-248). Kaduna: Medusa Academic Publishers Limited.

Gbor, J. W. T (2004). The Development of the Nigerian Armed Forces Since Independence. In Gbor, J.W.T (Ed.). Military History: Nigeria From Pre-Colonial Era to the Present (pp. 157-194). Ikeja: Longman Nigeria Plc.

Haruna, K. (2014) “Boko Haram: Dangerous Trend of Military Wives’ Protest in Maiduguri,” Leadership. Retrieved from

Igbogo, E. J. (2015). “National Security and National Development: A Critique” International Journal of Arts and Humanities, 4(2), 1-14. doi:

Kumolu, C. (2013). “Insecurity: What Has Security Voted Secured”, Vanguard. Retrieved from

Laden-Baki, L. S. (2016). “Arms Procurement Mirage, Corruption and Insurgency in Nigeria.” International Journal of Politics and Good Governance, 7(7.3), 1-7.

McLeod, S. A. (2012). Attribution Theory. Retrieved from

Mehta, D. (2004). Economic Crime in a Globalizing Society: Its Impact on the Sound Development of the State- An Indian Perspective. Retrieved from

Mironovich, K. (2015). The Dansuki Arms Deal Case Is A National Embarrassment. Naij. Retrieved from accessed 24th august, 2016

Muhammad, B. A. (2014). Defence Funding and Combat Readiness: An Appraisal of the Nigerian Army. Abuja: National Defence College

Nnebe, M. (2013). “Squandering of Riches in Nigeria.” Nigeriaworld. Retrieved from

Nwanegbo, C. J. & Odigbo, J. (2013). “Security and National Development in Nigeria: The Threat of Boko Haram.” International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3(4), 285- 291.

Ogundipe, S. (2016) “12 Ways Nigeria can Tackle Endemic Corruption- Ribadu.” Premium Times. Retrieved from

Okechukwu, E. I. & Anyadike, N. (2013). “Security Challenges and Security Votes in Nigeria, 2008-2013.” Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 2(8), 10-28

Okogbule, N. S. (2005). The Regulation of Economic Crimes in Nigeria: Old Problem, New Challenges and Responses. Retrieved from,OLD%20PROBLEM,%20NEW%20CHALLENGES%20AND%20RESPONSES.pdf Accessed 15th august, 2016

Olamilekan, A.A & Eze, M. (2016). Press Reportage on Anti- Corruption in Nigeria: A Focus on Col. Dasuki. Retrieved from

Olufemi, J. (2015) Nigeria Spends N4.62 trillion on National Security in 5 years, yet Widespread Insecurity Remains. Premium Times. Retrieved from

Omitola, B. O. (2009). Federal Democracy and the Limits of the Anti-Corruption Crusade in Nigeria. In M.J. Mafunisa, H. Kroukamp, M.J.D. Matshabaphala, A. Stone, N.E. Tshikwatamba, L. Malan,... (Eds.), Journal of Public Administration. Conference proceedings of South African Association for Public Administration and Management, Hatfield, South Africa. Retrieved from

Onuoha, F.C., Ichite, C.M. & George, T. A. (2015). Political, Economic and Security Challenges facing President Buhari. Retrieved from

Oseni, M. & Sanni, M. R. (2016). “Breakdown of National Corporate Governance and the Dynamics of Corruption in a Nation: The Precipice Situation of Nigeria.” Specialty Journal of Accounting and Economics, 2(3), 43-52.

Oyewole, S. (2016). “Making the Sky Relevant to Battle Strategy: Counterinsurgency and the Prospects of Air Power in Nigeria.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism. doi:10.1080/1057610X.2016.1188533

Pogson, A. I. (2013). Nigeria’s National Security in an Age of Terrorism. Ibadan: Department of Political Science, University of Ibadan

PolicyNG (2014). “Counter-terrorism is Expensive; Unfortunately Nigeria’s chaotic Security get over 15% of the National Budget”. Retrieved from

Ribadu, N. (2005). “Sanitising Nigeria’s Business Environment for Direct Foreign Investment.” Paper presented at the Annual Patriots’ Club of Nigeria Luncheon, Johannesburg, South Africa. Retrieved from

Ross, W. (2015). “The Soldiers without Enough Weapons to Fight Jihadists,” BBC. Retrieved from

San, E. A. (2013). Military in Internal Security Operations: Challenges and Prospects. A Paper Presented At The Nigerian Bar Association 53rd Annual General Conference, Calabar, Nigeria

Stockhalm International Peace Research Institute (2015), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmaments and International Security. Retrieved from

Tamuno, S. O. & Edoumiekumo, S. G. (2012). “Nigeria in the Niger Delta: An Allegory of the ‘Legs Tying the Hands’.” International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities, 4(1), 113-120.

Transparency International: Corruption Perceptions Index 2015. Retrieved from

Ukpere, W. L. & Otto, G. (2012). “National Security and Development in Nigeria.” African Journal of Business Management, 6(23), 6765-6770. doi: 10.5897/AJBM12.155 ISSN 1993-8233

Yusuf, M.D. (2012). National Security Challenges: A General Checklist on Civil-Military Relations as Panacea. Ibadan: Gold Press Limited


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN (Print): 2276-8645


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.