EFFECTS OF MANMADE SECURITY THREATS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF ONITSHA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

Clement E. Ikezue, Peter C. Ezeah

Abstract


There is a resurgence of manmade security threats in recent time in Nigeria. The frequency and manner in which these threats are being perpetrated are becoming a serious source of concern to all and sundry. The resultant backlash of these threats on sustainable development is better imagined than experienced. Many people lost their lives and others their means of livelihood from the orchestrators of these threats. The most painful of all these is the seemingly inability of government and its security apparatus to checkmate the excesses of these mischief makers. This paper is focused on examining the remote and immediate factors responsible for the resurgence of manmade security threats, examining the consequences of such threats on sustainable development and proffering lasting solutions to the problem at hand. To achieve this, the paper adopted the cross sectional survey design and employed both quantitative and qualitative method of data collection and analysis. A sample size of 400 respondents was selected using the multi stage sampling technique. The need to reappraise the nation’s security architecture has not only become necessary but inevitable. It is in the opinion of this paper that extreme poverty and unemployment are at the root of these threats. Consequently, the researcher recommended that policies that will lead to wealth redistribution should be implemented to ameliorate the sufferings of the people by reducing extreme poverty in the society.

Keywords


Security, poverty, unemployment, wealth redistribution and sustainable development

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