URBANIZATION AND THE FAMILY STRUCTURE; A FOCUS ON KARU METROPOLIS NASARAWA STATE

Abba Umaru, Mohammad Audu Umar, Philip Orlaade Abughul, Ahmed Bala Hussain

Abstract


The objectives of this study is to; examine the challenges faced by the family as a result of urbanization, identify the coping strategies by families in urban areas, examine the effects of urbanization on the family structure in Karu metropolis among others. A survey design was used to gather data through the instrument of questionnaires, and tables and simple percentages were also used for data analysis. Afterward findings revealed that there is a high percentage of urban poor in Karu who earn lower income than supposed, this is largely because of the respondent’s occupation, there is also the increase in participation of women in formal labor market, thus, shifting the balance of economic responsibility on families. Findings also reveal that the general living standards is low, where most households live in dilapidated, congested and overcrowded apartments characterized by lack of ventilation and space due to high cost of living explained in terms of the economic changes that have greeted societies in recent times. Therefore it is recommended that policy makers in both private and public sectors should come to the plight of urban dwellers in the provision of basic infrastructures to ameliorate the challenges of congestion and overcrowding through housing schemes.

Keywords


urbanization, family and family structure.

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