LEADERSHIP, POLITICS AND GOOD GOVERNANCE: IMPLICATION FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Sandra N. Ikenyei

Abstract


Evaluation of political values and leadership styles of many Nigerian leaders revealed a strong desire to satisfy personal or group interest.  Development has remained insignificant because political orientations and leadership styles of many Nigerian leaders are shaped by precepts of their predecessors who were often scorned to have performed below expectations. Change is crippled as political appointees and their policies are subjected to godfather’s endorsement. Leaders thus, stand as figure heads as external forces largely moderate policies and its implementation. Although many researchers focused on implications of disjointed economic and political administration in Nigeria, few barely evaluate the implications of values and leadership styles in Nigerian. Thus, this study examined the political values, leadership styles, and performance of Nigerian government vis-à-vis development. Max Weber bureaucracy/rationalization and class theory was used for explanation of core variables. Data was gathered using qualitative and quantitative techniques. Total of 240 questionnaires comprising, Ibadan (40) Agbowo (40), Sango (40), Eleyele (40), challenge (40) and Dugbe (40) were used to gather data from respondents.   Qualitatively, 16 focused Group discussion, and 8 In-depth-interviews was conducted. To access and maintain power, 25.3% respondents revealed that leaders were endorsed by their political godfathers. These forces influence policies as well as administration. A total of 60% respondents reported that many Nigerian leaders have human feelings and good policies at the point of entry, but these are short lived as they progress. Thus, a total of 17.9% and 17.5% respondents revealed that leaders focus more on diverting fund for their personal, ethnic, religious and social political interests. Thus, socio-politico, ethnic and religious politics respectively distorts equity in resources allocation. According to 13.7% respondents, this has continued because there is little or no transparency and accountability. The power of incumbency and immunity enjoyed by leaders encourage the perpetration of misnomer situations. Thus, 10.4% respondents concluded that Nigerian leaders depend largely on behind the scene forces for endorsement, policy formulation and misappropriate of public fund.

Keywords


External forces, Development, godfather/godson, leadership styles and Value

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