INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: A CONTEMPORARY TOOL TO COMBAT ELECTORAL FRAUD IN NIGERIA

Nse Etim Akpan, Sunday Onah Adagba

Abstract


The electoral process begins with an effective voters’ registration exercise which is one of the most complex and often contested part of the entire electoral process. In a country like Nigeria where there is no trustworthy population census and no reliable means of identification, the exercise becomes more complicated and lays the foundation for electoral fraud. This paper argues that information technology can serve as a good instrument for the management of the electoral process in a way that can curb malpractice. It observes that the drive towards technology has been facilitated by its largely apolitical nature and the general perception of its efficacy by electoral stakeholders. The paper adopts a qualitative research method with reliance on secondary sources of data and the cybernetics model of communications theory as a framework of analysis. It recommends the encouragement of scientific research for technological innovations, investment in technology, less reliance on foreign technology by Nigeria and concludes that the implementation of these recommendations will aid Nigeria in the conduct of free, fair and reliable elections.

Keywords


Information Technology, Electoral Fraud, Instrument, Combat, Nigeria

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