EFFECTS OF LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE AND SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS ON CONTRACEPTIVE USE AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS IN ENUGU EAST COUNCIL AREA OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Chinwe Christiana Iyanda, Ignatius Uche Nwankwo

Abstract


This study examined how knowledge related to contraceptives and socio-cultural factors influence contraceptive use among female adolescents in Enugu East Council Area of Enugu State. Six research questions and two hypotheses were stated for the study which was based on a survey of 500 respondents, selected through the use of multi-stage sampling technique.  Three instruments were triangulated and used for data collection. These comprised of structured questionnaire, in-depth interview guide, and the focus group discussions (FGD) guide.  The statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) was used to process field data. The findings, among other things, show that majority of female adolescents in Enugu East Local Government Area do not use contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancy although they perceived the right age to start engaging in sexual intercourse to be between ages 17-20. Knowledge of contraceptives was fairly reasonable, although friends and peers (other than parents or mothers) were major sources of such information. Adverse consequences of low contraceptive use in the area were unwanted pregnancy, contracting and spreading of sexually transmitted diseases. Finally, family life education, parents and media role in dissemination of the knowledge and benefits of contraceptives among adolescents, amongst others were recommended to stimulate a more positive sexual attitude and use of contraceptives among female adolescents in Enugu East Local Government Area.


Keywords


Contraceptives, Female adolescents, Socio-cultural factors, Level of knowledge, Reproductive health

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