INFLUENCE OF DEMOGRAPHIC AND OCCUPATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WORKERS ON THE PERCEPTION OF JOB SATISFACTION IN NIGERIA

Idowu M. Ogunkuade

Abstract


This research examined the influence of some demographic and occupational characteristics (organisational affiliation, gender and length of service) of workers on the perception of job satisfaction. The survey method was used in which a Job Satisfaction Survey developed by Spector (1994) and validated in Nigeria by Ogunkuade and Ojiji (2018) was administered on 312 participants (207 males and 105 females) drawn through simple random sampling technique from the population of workers of some public and private electronic media organisations in Abuja, Nigeria. Parametric statistical tests (one-way analysis of variance and independent ‘t’ test) used to analyse the data, showed that gender had no statistically significant influence on the overall perception of job satisfaction: t (310) = 0.56, NS, but on the “nature of job” component of job satisfaction. It was however found that organisational affiliation had a statistically significant influence on the overall perception of job satisfaction: t (310) = 2.42, p<0.02, but not on the six components: pay, promotion, supervision, fringe benefits and co-workers. Furthermore, length of service had no statistically significant influence on the overall perception of job satisfaction: F (2, 309) = .96, NS, but it had on the “pay” and “fringe benefits” components. The findings were discussed in terms of the prospects of the study of demographic and occupational characteristics of workers as variables in enhancing knowledge of job satisfaction in Nigeria organisations.


Keywords


Demographic characteristics, occupational characteristics, organisational affiliation, gender, length of service, perception, job satisfaction.

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