COVERAGE OF EBOLA OUTBREAK IN NIGERIA IN THE GUARDIAN AND VANGAURD NEWSPAPERS

Charles Chukwuma Eze

Abstract


The study examined newspaper coverage of the Ebola Virus outbreak in Nigeria from July 20 to October 20, 2014 which was the date the EVD outbreak lasted, before the World Health Organization declared Nigeria free. The content analysis design was utilized as the research design in analyzing two national newspapers; The Guardian and the Vanguard to ascertain the frequency of coverage, the level of prominence and the nature of stories covered on the EVD outbreak in Nigeria by the newspapers. Findings from the study reveal that the rate of coverage of the Ebola Virus outbreak by the press was low as the news contents on non – Ebola virus issues were reported about seven times more often than the EVD issues within the period of the outbreak in Nigeria. The level of prominence accorded news contents on the EVD was on the average; and sufficient interpretations and in – depth analyses were not adequately carried by the columnists to sensitize the readers on the EVD outbreak within the period it lasted. It is therefore recommended that the Nigerian Press Organization should develop an editorial policy that would make it binding on different newspaper editorial boards to channel their agenda setting roles in championing massive health campaigns and advocacy that would be targeted towards educating their readers on the containment of imminent diseases such as EVD when such occur.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Asemah, S. A. (2011). Selected Mass Media themes. Jos: Jos University Press.

Baba,C., Chereches,R.M. & Mosteanu, O. (2007). The mass media influence on the impact

Of health policy. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 19 E/2007, pp.15

-20.

B. B. C (2015). Ebola Crisis: Liberia confirms three fresh cases. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

Available@ http://www.bbc com/news.

Baran, S.& Davis, D. (2006). Mass Communication Theories: Foundations, Ferment and

Future. New Delhi: Wadsworth Cengage Learning Private Limited.

Cohen, B. (1970). The press and Foreign Policy. New Jersey: Princeton University press.

Centers for Disease Control. (2015). Morbidity Weekly Report. Retrieved 18 July 2015.

Avaliable @ http//:www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/history/chronology.

Ekeanyanwu, N. T. (2005). The Press Coverage of Political Conflict in a Pluralistic Society. In

Yakubu.A.M (Ed) Crisis and conflict management in Nigeria since 1980. Kaduna:

Nigeria Defence Academy.

Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (2015): Three new cases of Ebola confirmed in Liberia.

Retrieved November 21, 2015.

Folarin, B. (1998). Theories of Mass Communication: An introductory Text. Ibadan: Stirling-

Horden Publishers.

Folarin, B. (2002). Theories of Mass Communication: An Introductory Text. Abeokuta: Link

Publications.

Folkerts. J. & Lacy, S. (2004). The Media in Your Life. India: Dorling Kindersley Limited.

Holsti; O. (1969). Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Reading, MA.

Addison– Wesley.

Martinez – Gonzales, M. A., Gual, P,. Lahortiga, F., Alonso, Y., Irala – Estevez, J. & Cervera, S.

(2003). Pediatrics , Vol.111 No 2, pp.315 – 320.

McQuail, D. (1979). The influence and effects of mass media in Curran, J., Gurevitch, M. &

Woolacutt, J (eds). Mass communication and society. London: Sage Publications.

Mcquail, D. (2005). Mass Communication Theory, 5th Edition. London: Sage Publications.

Obukoadata, P.O, & Abuah, F. A. (2014): Media surveillance function within the context of the

Ebola outbreak in Nigeria: Influences and Perceptual frames. International Journal of

Scientific Research and Innovative Technology. Vol .1. N. 5.

Oxford Reference. (2014). Surveillance function, available @ www.oxfordreference.com

Sampei, Y.& Aoyagi – Usui M. (2009). Mass media coverage, its influence on public awareness

of climate – change issues and implications for Japan’s national campaign to reduce

greenhouse gas emissions. Global Environmental Change, 19, pp. 203 – 212 .

The Guardian. (2015). Liberian health officials move to control Ebola Outbreak in Monovia as

new cases confirmed.Retrieved 21 November2015.Available@www.theguardian.com/ international.

Umechukwu, P.O.J. (2001). Mass Media and Nigerian society: Development Issues and

Problems. Enugu: Thompson Printing and Publishing Co.

Ward, M. L; Day, K.M. & Epstein, M. (2006). Uncommonly good. Exploring how mass media

maybe a positive influence on women’s sexual health and development. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, No 112, pp. 57 – 70, available @ www.interscience.wiley.com.

Wimmer, R. D & Dominick, J.R. (2000). Mass Media Research, 7th Edition. Belmont, CA.

Thomas Wadsworth.

Wimmer,R.D. & Dominick, R.J.(2003). Mass Media Research: An Introduction. Belmont,

California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

World Health Organization (2012), Communication for behavioral impact (COMBI). Geneva:

WHO Press.

World Health Organization (2014). Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa – the first 9 months

of the Epidemic and Forward Projections. New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved 23 September 2014.

World Health Organization (2015). Ebola Situation report. Ebola date and statistics.

Retrieved 28 January 2015. Available @ www.ink/mediacenter/factsheets.

Yarosen, E & Asemah,E.(2008). Theories and Models of Mass Communication. Jos: Great future

press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN (Print): 2276-8645

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.