THE UN AND ITS RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT IN SYRIA

Ike Godwin Omezie, Daniel Chong Dawang, Okey M. Ikeanyibe

Abstract


The responsibility to protect is primarily a preventative doctrine. It is a global commitment adopted at the 2005 United Nations World Summit and has been central to International discourse on how to respond to mass atrocity. The central normative Tenet of R2P explains that State Sovereign entails responsibility and therefore each state has a responsibility to protect its citizens from mass killings and other gross violations of their rights. The implementation of R2P at extreme case of Sectarian Conflict in which states apply disproportionate military force could require humanitarian intervention by the UN to control mass violations of human rights. The UN chapter VII stipulates that only the UN Security Council can approve humanitarian intervention. Constant veto among permanent members of the Security Council has made humanitarian intervention in Syria impossible. The objective of this study is to evaluate the crisis in Syria and the role of UN, UN Security Council in implementing R2P to halt the crisis in Syria. Qualitative method was used in carrying out this research. Secondary data from reports of various International Organization were used. It was however observed that dissension among permanent members of the Security Council frustrated the humanitarian intervention and further escalated the sectarian war. The permanent members of the Security Council must reach consensus in resolving the crisis.


Keywords


Syria, United Nations and Security

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