Michael Ndisika (PhD), Oluwatosin Abigail Dawodu


Remittances remains a leading gain of international migration, especially as it relates to economic development and improving standard of living of the international migrants and their household members left behind. This study has examined the impact of migrants’ remittances on economic status and standard of living of the households. A total of 875 respondents were sampled across 3 local government areas of Edo state namely, Egor, Oredo and Ikpoba Okha. The instrument used in this study was the questionnaire and In-Depth-Interview (IDI). The analysis of the data was carried out using descriptive analysis with the aid of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences computer software (version 22.0) while the IDI were transcribed. The result showed that remittances accounted for  (29.8%) of the sources of the households income. 83.0% asserted that migrants’ remittances increase their household’s standard of living and affirmed that monies households receive as remittances is a major factor in their economic status.  85.1% of the household rated the remittances as important to their standard of living as it helps in acquiring asset and other valuables. Many IDI interviewees also attested to the gains of remittance as it relates to their economic status and standard of living. Over 51 percent, of the household representatives rated very highly the impact that remittances had on their accommodation, housing and feeding. The study recommends that well-streamlined measures should be adopted by all stakeholders to ensure easy flow of migrants’ remittances to benefit not only the household but the entire nation.


Remittances, Household, Standard of Living, Pre-migration, Post-migration, Economic status

Full Text:



Adams, Jr. R.H. (1998). Remittances, investment and rural asset accumulation in Pakistan. Economic Development and Cultural Change. pp. 155-173.

Akinrinde, S., & Ogen, O. (2011).Historizing the Nigerian migrant and homeland Relations. Turkish Journal of Politics Vol 2. No. 2

Arif, G. M. (2009). Economic and social impacts of remittances on households: The case of Pakistani migrants working in Saudi Arabia. Islamabad: Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.

Brewer, M.,& O’Dea, C. (2012). Measuring living standards with income and consumption: evidence from the UK. Institute of Fiscal Studies Working Paper W12/12. Retrieve from:

Hugo, G. (1998).Migration as a survival strategy: The family dimension of migration. Expert Group Meeting on Population Distribution and Migration, Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 18-22 January 1993. New York: United Nations.

Itzigsoh, J. (1995). Migrant remittance labour markets and household strategies: A comparative analysis of low income households strategies in the Carribean basin. Social Forces 74:2:633-55

Kangmennaang, J., Bezner-Kerr, J., & Luginaah, I. (2012). Impact of migration and remittances on household welfare among rural households in Northern and Central Malawi. Migration and Development Volume 7(1):55-77

Kish, L. (1965). Survey Sampling. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc

Massey, D. S., & Espinosa, K. (1997). What is driving Mexico – U.S migration: A Theoretical empirical and Policy review. American Journal of Sociology. 102(4)939 – 999.

Mercer, C., Page B., & Evans, M. (2008). Development and the African Diaspora: Place and the Politics of Home. London: Zed Books.

National Population Commission (2006). Census priority table, Volume ix.

National Bureau of Statistics (2017). Labour force statistics Vol. 1: Unemployment and underemployment report (Q1-Q3 2017). An NBS Publication.

Ndisika, M. (2018). International Migrants’ Remittances and Socio-Economic Status of Households In Benin Metropolis. PhD dissertation. University Of Benin, Benin City.P.136.

Nzeadibe C. and Ajaero, C. K. (2010). Assessment of socio-economic characteristics and quality of life expectations of Rural communities in Enugu State, Nigeria. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 5(4): 353–371.

Sanchez-Soto G. (2009). The effects of international migration on educational attainments and educational mobility in Mexico.

Vargas-Lundius, R., Lanly, G., Villarreal, M., & Osorio, M. (2008). International migration, remittances and rural development. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

Vladicescu, N.,Cantarji, V.,&Jigău, I. (2008).The impact of migration and remittances on communities, families and children in Moldova. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Policy, Advocacy and Knowledge Management (PAKM), Division of Policy and Practice Working Paper.

World Bank (2005).Global economic Prospects 2006.Economic implications of remittances and migration. Washington: World Bank.

World Bank, Empowering People by Transforming Institutions, Social Development in World Bank Operations, 2005.

Yang, D. (2004).International migration, remittances and household investment: Evidence from Philippine migrants' exchange rate shocks. The Economic Journal 118 (528): 591-630.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN (Print): 2276-8645


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.