COUNSELLING SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH LOW SELF-ESTEEM FOR HEALTHY ADJUSTMENT: A COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY APPROACH

Rev. Sr. Susana Uzoamaka Obineli (PhD), Joy Sylvia Obi (PhD), Ovie Bright Akpojivi

Abstract


Low self –esteem is a problem that has effect on secondary school students in their adolescence stage of development. Students during this stage may have erroneous perception about their body shape, physical appearance, identity and their ability to carry out any task assigned to them and relationship they form with others. Due to the faulty cognition of their self –esteem, this could create a problem for them and also hinder them from developing a healthy self-esteem needed to fully actualise their potentiality. The emphasis of unconditional love, in parenting represents the importance of a child developing a stable sense of being care for and respected, while the opposite is the case of conditional love from parents. These feelings translate into later effects on the child self –esteem as they grow older. Individual self –esteem has profound consequences for every aspect of human existence, and more pointedly, one cannot think of a single psychological problem- from anxiety and depression, to fear of intimacy or of success, child molestation that is not traceable to the problem of low self-esteem. Students would be better off, if they stopped trying to convince themselves that they are worthless, and that rising self-esteem would help to solve many social and psychological problems, including crime, teen pregnancy, drug abuse, and school underachievement. Therefore, this papers examine the causes of low self-esteem, characteristic of students with low self-esteem and cognitive behavioural approach in enhancing low self-esteem. Finally conclusions with some recommendation were made.

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