Esther Ogbu


In the popular consciousness of mankind, leadership has been one of the seminal phenomenon which has captured the concern of the citizens of the world. It is one of the most observed, practiced and thought provoking, yet the least understood. It exists in all societies both human and animals, even though in plants one cannot incisively identify this phenomenon.  Leadership  is seen as the capacity to influence,  inspire, rally ,direct, encourage, motivate , induce, mobilize  and activate others to pursue a common goal while maintaining commitment, momentum, confidence and courage. Therefore, leaders in any group refine, reflect , reconstruct acceptable and agreeable standards of development. But in Nigeria, it is obvious that  poor leadership is the major problem of development .  So, the major argument  of this paper is that for any meaningful development to take place in any nation , it requires a functional leadership. This implies that the quality of leadership in any nation determines the level of national development in that nation. Hence, what we require today are leaders with visions and missions who will move this country along the envisaged path of progress and embrace the challenges of modernization and globalization. Also, politicians who are pandering to ethnic interests should be rejected at the polling booth while hard work, good skills and intelligence should be rewarded strictly on merits, without regard to ethnicity and religion. This is an option that could lead the nation to a stable development and greatness. Furthermore, for leadership to take its due place in Nigeria, our conception of leadership must move from rhetoric to application of correct values.


leadership, development, leadership failure in Nigeria

Full Text:



Adepoju, T.L. (1998). Fundamentals of school administration, planning and supervision in Nigeria. Atlas Nigeria Company.

Ajadi, T.O. & Adedeji, S.O. (2009). Principles of institutional administration.National OpenUniversity of Nigeria, Lagos, Gold Print Ltd., Lagos. ISBN: 978-058-282-7.

Allport, G.W. (1979). “The Nature of Prejudice”; 25th Anniversary Edition, Addison: Wesley Publishing Company.

Anazodo, R. Okoye, J.C. and Ezenwife, W. (2012). Leadership-corruption: the Bane of Nigerian Development, African Journal of social science, Vol.2(3), Pp.124-134.

Bello, M.L., & Lamidi, K.O. (2009). An assessment of poverty as a threat to Nigerian fledging democracy. Lapai International Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 2, (2), 380-389.

Burns J. M. (1978), leadership, New York: Harper and Row Inc.

Chirot, D. (1977). “Social Change In The Twentieth Century”; New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.

Dagaci, A.M. (2009). Democracy and the leadership question: a redefinition in the Nigerian context.Lapai International Journal of Management and Social Sciences,2, (2). 16-28.

Dickson, C. (2011). Good governance in Nigeria. oup-metaphor-prince-charles-dickson.

Dike, V. (2000). Leadership, politics, and social change, Nigeria and the struggle for survival. Retrieved from

Johnson, Craig (2009), Meeting the Ethical Challenges of Leadership: Casting Light or Shadow. London: Sage Publications.

Legacy (2016). Leadership definitions,

Mamora, O. (2012). The possibility of good governance In Nigeria.

Mbumega, A. (2012), Issues Of Development And Poverty Reduction in Nigeria , Makurdi: Destiny ventures.

Munroe, M. (1984). “Becoming A Leader Every One Can Do It, Lanham”: Pneuma Life Publishing.

Myles, M. (2009) The Spirit of Leadership, Bahamas: Bahamas Ministries Int.

Nyewusira, V. (2007). Selected socio-political issues in Nigeria:religious institutions as agents of change.Journal of Pedagogy and Educational Development, 12, (1).

Ogai, J.O. (2003). “Understanding Development”, Owerri: New Generation Publishers.

Olomola, A.S. (1996). Socio-cultural and political dimension of development in 21st CenturyNigeria. Africa Rural Social Science Research.

Oshionebo, B.O. and Ariyo, O.O. (2007). “Leadership and Effective Management of Human Resources” in Bello – Iman, I.B., Oshionebo, B.O. and Ojeifo, S.A. (eds.), Fundamentals of Human Resource, Management In Nigeria; Ibadan: College Press and Publishers Limited.

Todaro, M.P. (2004). Economic Development in the third word, London: London press.

Udoh, R.K. (2010), Nigeria at 50 Accomplishment Challenges And Prospects, Ibadan, NISER

World Bank & International Monetary Fund (2005). Review of the PRS Approach: Balancing Accountabilities and Scaling UpResults.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN (Print): 2276-8645


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.