Prof. A. N. Anyamene (PhD), G. U. Ogugua (PhD)


The study investigated the adolescents’ perceived effects of substance abuse as correlate to their tendency of substance usage in Anambra State. Two research questions guided the study and one hypothesis was tested at .05 level of significance. The study employed a correlational survey design. The population for the study comprised of 23,396 Senior Secondary School Students (SS2) in public Secondary Schools in Anambra State.  The sample of the study were 567 SS2 students and simple random sampling was used in selecting 35 schools. Two  questionnaires, namely Adolescent Perceived Effect of substance Abuse (APESA) and Adolescent Tendency to Substance Usage Questionnaire (ATSUQ)  both were adopted by the  researcher. Adolescent Perceived Effect of substance Abuse (APESA) was develop by Ahunwa in 2014.  There was no need for further revalidation, therefore the researcher adopted the instruments. Adolescent Perceived Effect of substance Abuse (APESA) has a reliability of 0.77 which was established by Ofozor in 2015 using Crombach alpha reliability in a pilot test while Adolescent Tendency to Substance Usage Questionnaire   (ATSUQ) has a reliability of  0.70 that was determined by Ahunwa in 2014. The questionnaire were distributed to the sample schools and was collected back by the researchers with the help of six researcher assistants. This was done in four weeks. The data collected was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and T-test statistics. The mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions while the T-test statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.  From the response of the research questions, items with mean score of 2.50 and above were regarded as agreement while items with less than 2.50 were regarded as disagreement. Results of the studies showed that; there is no significant relationship between male and female adolescent students’ perception scores on the effect of substance abuse on their tendency to substance usage is accepted.  Recommendations was made that,  frequent organization of drama and debate among adolescent centered  on dangers of drug abuse and usage will help to sensitize them while in school  in midst of peer group or at home.


substance abuse, substance usage, tendency, adolescents

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