SOCIAL CLASS AND EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT IN NIGERIA

Heoma Gladys Nsirim-Worlu

Abstract


This study was set out to examine the relationship between social class and educational achievement of individuals in Nigeria. The study population includes all Nigerians from various social classes; after the social classes were identified. It utilised a qualitative research design to analyse the variables. Using purposive sampling research method, a total of one hundred and thirty (130) respondents belonging to various social classes were chosen. Using electronic means (Whats App and Facebook), questionnaire which was the primary source of data collection was employed; while the secondary source of gathering data were from journal articles.  This study proposes that the educational achievement of an individual is dependent on the social class of the family of a person. A reliability test carried out shows a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.859 which means the instrument of measurement is void of error or bias. The data gathered was presented in tables and tested using correlational coefficient statistical tool, frequencies and simple percentages. The research shows that the social class of an individual does not necessarily have direct impact on his/her educational achievement. Rather it discovered that the determination of an individual access to research grants, scholarships and free professional certifications contribute immensely to the educational attainment of a group; and as such it recommends that government of the nation and other well-meaning citizens and organisations should make such facilities available to all students so that those who are interested in achieving higher heights in education especially children from low income families can do so unhindered.


Keywords


Social Class, Educational Achievement, Nigeria

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