KINSHIP: THE BEDROCK OF AFRICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE IGBO SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA

P. C. Onyia (PhD)

Abstract


Kinship literally means relationship by blood. But in certain contexts like adoption, persons may be kin who have no blood relationship. Kinship has very serious negative impact in various societies, especially those lacking centralized government like Igbo and other African societies. It influences practically every aspect of their lives like defence arrangements, their agriculture, their marriage, their religion, their education and above all their political system. This study wants to examine why and how this is so and the problem created and how it can be solved. Kinship, for instance, blossoms into the monster known as ethnicity which divides societies into mutually hostile groups like in Nigeria. In 1959 elections, Igbos voted for Azikiwe, Yorubas voted for Awolowo and Hausa/Fulani voted for Ahmadu Bello, not because of their qualifications or abilities but because of ethnic affinity. It is strongly recommended that this phenomenon should be played down so that people can follow their candid personal judgments instead of being coerced into sheepish followership.


Keywords


Kinship, consanguinity, segmentary lineage, feud, levirate

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