Emeka Okpala


The Liberian crisis which is the subject of this study was one of such cases in which the measures was applied to maintain peace by the Economic Community of West Africa State (ECOWAS). The Liberians crisis escalated in 1980 when Samuel Doe staged a coup that brought the ethnic majority of the Liberian to power. The conflict assumed a wider dimension following the involvement of other extraneous forces around Liberians, a situation which the ECOWAS leaders thought would lead to the war spreading to other countries in the sub-region. This study examined the operations of the peacekeeping body- the ECOMOG which ECOWAS established for the purpose of securing peace in Liberia. For its explanatory tool, the study adopted the theory of collective Security. The major findings of the study include the fact that the domination of political power by the Afro-America Liberians is at the root of the conflict in the country. The study also discovered that poor funding and the colonial orientations of the various forces contributing states in ECOWAS adversely affected the operation of ECOMOG in Liberia. The study recommends that the Leaders of ECOWAS should establish more integrated peacekeeping forces with training in language and cultures of the Nations in the sub-region.

Full Text:



Akabogu, Chike (1993): ECOMOG takes Initiative England: Pengium Books Ltd.

Alan, James (1977): “Recent development in the UNPeacekeeping” Year Book of World Affairs.

Cordia and Foot (1967): Public Papers of the UN Secretary General 1956-1961. Columbia University Press.

Inis, C. (1964); “Peacekeeping Role of the UN” in Tompkins Berkley (Ed): The UN in Perspective, New York: Prayer Publishers. Idike, Vincent (1993): The Liberian crisis and ECOMOG: A bold Attempt at Regional Peacekeeping. Ibadan: Precision Press.

Nwolise, O. (1992); The Instant Nationalization of the Liberian Crisis and it Effect on West Africa. Lagos: N1 1A ECOMOG Books.

Obasi, Nnamdi (1992) Perceptions of the ECOMOG Peace Initiative: Lagos: ECOMOG Books N1 1A

Onwubiko, K.B.C. (1973): History of West Africa from 1800-present. Enugu: African Press. Committee (S.M.C.) Warri; Merit Press.

Sessy, Ahmadu (1994): Historical Background to the Liberian Crisis. Oxford Malthouse Publishing Ltd.

Vogt Margret. (1991). The Involvement of ECOWAS in Liberian Peacekeeping as a Secondary Strategy in Africa. N1 1A, Lagos.

William, Jones (1994): ECOMOG: A Sub-Regional Approach to Crisis Management, Benin City, Omega Publishers.


Goodrich and Rosner (1957): United Nations Emergency Force” International Organization vol. xi No.3.

Higgens, R. (1997): “United Nation Peacekeeping” Document and Commentary, vol.III.

Nzeribe, S.A. (1997). ECOMOG: “Perspective for Regional Security” The Nigeria Forum

Peterson K.S. “The Uses of uniting for peace” International Organizations vol. 13.

Reuben, K. (1994): ECOMOG: Anew idea in peacekeeping West Africa Weekly, No. 4011 East”. The World Today. Vol. 36, No.2

Wiseman, H. (1987): “Peacekeeping and Management of International Conflict”

Guardian Institute of International World Peace and Security Ndike, Ndike, (1993): ECOMOG: Nigeria is Borden The Guardian Newspaper.

Francis, Owen An assessment of ECOMOG in Liberia Unpublished work. Official record of first Emergeny special Session of UN General assembly, (1956).

The Guardian Newspaper, August 8, 1992.

Vogt Mergret (1991): The Involvement of ECOWAS in Liberia Peacekeeping as a secondary strategy in Africa. N1 1A, Lagos

Abegunde, Olu (1999): Conflict Management in West Africa: What future for ECOMOG. Senior

Executive No. 20, NIPSS Kuru – Jos.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN (Print): 2276-8645


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.