CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF CONFLICT IN THE AFRICAN STATES: A STUDY OF LIBYAN CRISIS

Favour Ebieri, Prof Sheriff Folarin

Abstract


This paper analyses the causes and consequences of conflicts in Africa as a continent over the past decades. It focuses specifically on the crisis in Libya by revealing essential facts about the conflict. The objectives of the study were: to assess the impact of civil wars and interstate conflict on development, the effect of civil wars, and inter-state conflict on internal and regional stability. The study is a qualitative one in which data were sourced mainly from secondary sources such as journal articles, books, and reports. The theory of relative deprivation was adopted to explain how collective dissatisfaction results in political violence, as seen in Libya's case. Anger, which was created by frustration, is a motivating instrument that has inclined men to aggression. The study's findings show that the root causes of the Libya crisis are: Arab spring revolution, which spread through North Africa, weak national identity, and intervention of powerful nations. Furthermore, the Libya crisis consequences include death and displacement of civilians; Abuse of the Responsibility to Protect, Regional instability, Libyan election; economy; discrimination; human rights abuse. It was, therefore, among others, recommended that:  sit-tight syndrome should be discouraged among African leaders; National conferences that encourage talks on how to resolve colonial issues should be promoted in African nations; Africa leaders need to look inward in finding solutions to African problems rather than looking for disruptive external solutions


Keywords


Conflict, Civil war, Democracy, Arms proliferation

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