Iornienge Samuel Zumve (PhD)


This paper analysed the remote and immediate causes of the #EndSARS protests in contemporary Nigeria. The discussion is anchored on qualitative and quantitative data obtained from reports of researches carried out by scholars, local and international NGOs and human rights organizations. Adopting the political economy theoretical perspective, the paper articulate the emergence/establishment of the Nigeria Police Force as a coercive state apparatus established by the then British colonialists, despite political independence of the 1960s. The Nigeria Police Force still retained its coercive and retributive attributes of torture, use of brute-force and extrajudicial executions. The paper concluded that the #EndSARS protests were as a result of prolonged acts of coercion and intimidation of members of SARS towards the Nigerian citizenry. Therefore, it is recommended that the Nigerian state should embark on a wholistic reformation of the police institution. A creation of a civil police system to avoid the occurrence of such uprisings and rebellion by members of the Nigeria public.


Police Brutality, #EndSARS, Reforms and Civil Rebellion

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