Nnanna Joyce Ogbaga (PhD), Ak Jubril (PhD)


The paper presented the procedure for the development and validation of an instrument for assessment of student’s process skills in cake making in Abia State College of Education (Technical) Arochukwu. The study adopted instrumentation design. The population of the study consisted of 15 lecturers and students(5 lecturers and 10 students)  in the Department of Home Economics in Abia State College of Education (Technical), Arochukwu. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study .No sample and sampling technique for the study as the population of the study was small and manageable. Cake Making Process Skills Assessment Instrument (CAMPSAI) was first drafted. 30 copies of CAMPSAI were distributed to lecturers whom were the study respondents. The data collected from the instrument were subjected to factor analysis which revealed 52 test items suitable to be included in the instrument. The instrument was later validated by eight experts in Food and Nutrition  in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. The validation resulted to the retention of all the 52 process skills test items in the instrument. The instrument was finally subjected to reliability test and the reliability of the entire instrument using Cronbach alpha was found to be 0.81, confirming that the instrument is very reliable. Based on the findings of the study, the researchers recommended among others that the developed instrument should be adopted in    process  skill assessment of students in all areas of Home Economics in Colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities, Government/ Staff welfare unit of the institutions should organize seminars and workshops for lecturers and teachers of Home Economics on importance of practical process assessment, School Administration should make process assessment compulsory in all Vocational and Technical Education programs in general and Home Economics in particular to encourage the use of the developed cake making practical process skills instrument for assessing students in cake making.


Development, Validation, Assessment, Process Skills and Cakamaking

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