HEALTH INFORMATION LITERACY AND ADHERENCE TO ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY (ART) AMONG HIV/AIDS PATIENTS IN A PRIVATE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

Peter A. Uduak, Prof. Yemisi T. Babalola, Chinyere N. Ikonne (PhD)

Abstract


Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) is the ability of the HIV/AIDS patients to comply with the drugs prescribed and provided in HIV clinics for at least ninety-five percent of the time. It is a strong behaviour component in maintaining the health of HIV/AIDS patients. Previous studies reported low ART adherence among the study participants. ART adherence could be facilitated by some factors, of which health information literacy is inclusive. This study therefore investigated the influence of health information literacy on ART adherence of HIV/AIDS patients in Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Survey research design was adopted for the study. Convenient or accidental sampling technique was employed to select 40 respondents among ART patients in Babcock University Teaching Hospital for the study. A self-structured and validated questionnaire was used for data collectionA self-structured and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. Cronbach's Alpha coefficient for the constructs ranged from 0.71 to 0.79. A response rate of 100% was achieved. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential (simple and multiple regression) statistics.                                                            

The result revealed that the extent of ART adherence (x̅=3.40) and the level of health information literacy (x̅=3.40) of HIV/AIDS patients in Babcock University Teaching Hospital Ogun State is very high. Health information literacy significantly influenced ART adherence of respondents (R2= 0.019, β= -0.046, t = -0.866, p<0.05). Relatively, ability to use health information positively influenced participants' ART adherence (β= 0.404, t =2.492, p< 0.05);

The study concluded that health information literacy is a critical factor in facilitating ART adherence of HIV/AIDS patient in Babcock University Teaching Hospital. The study recommended that Babcock University Hospital Management Board should enhanced the patients’ ability to obtain, process, understand and use health information in order to enhance and maintain very high level of ART adherence among the HIV/AIDS patients in the hospital.

Keywords


Antiretroviral Therapy, adherence, Health information literacy, HIV/AIDS Patients, Private Teaching Hospital

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References


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