Ejike C. Okoroafor (PhD), Chinedu Nwokorie (PhD), Anthony Ogechi Osuji


Security is the incontrovertible element in human society that is fundamental to be in place before any constructive development can take place. Insecurity, therefore, in all its ramifications constitute a major obstacle to human activities including productive enterprises. In Nigeria, insecurity in the forms of terrorism, banditry, kidnapping, and other forms of criminality pervades every part of the nation, creating palpable panic and fear that hampers individual and national activities and processes. This paper discusses insecurity and employee morale and  productivity of national workforce in Nigeria. The challenge of national insecurity in Nigeria is becoming more intense and affecting the daily life of every Nigerian both in terms of emotional and mental stability, safety and general wellbeing; and more particularly on Nigerian workers who need to be mobile and active at work for the nation’s workforce to perform at its optimal capacity. This paper explores the impact of the gross level of insecurity on the morale of Nigerian workers and its attendant implications for national productivity and development. It argues that insecure and anarchic environment as most parts of Nigeria have turned in the past few years undermines the confidence, commitment and morale of workers as a result of the envelope of fear and anxiety that pervades Nigerian’s socio-economic and political landscape. It recommends, particularly, that the national security architecture should be urgently rejigged and federal/ subnational governments should prioritize unity and good governance in order to boost workers confidence and commitment to work towards improved national productivity.


Insecurity, Employee Morale, Productivity, National Workforce

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