AWARENESS AND EFFECT OF COVID-19 SURVIVAL PROGRAMME ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION AMONGST SELF-EMPLOYED IN AKURE-SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF ONDO STATE IN NIGERIA

M. T. Shaibu, Victoria Anum

Abstract


Poverty as socio-economic consequences has been worsened by COVID-19 closure measures. Even though, countries across the globe have implemented survival programme, it appears that in Nigeria, the awareness and effect of the programme is in doubt as the vulnerable group battle with survival. Equally, readings shows that extant researches concentrated on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic but scarcely consider the public awareness and effect of COVID-19 survival programme (CSP) on poverty alleviation. Therefore, the main thrust of this study is to investigate the level of awareness and the effect of CSP on poverty alleviation amongst the self-employed with reference to Akure-South Local Government (LG) of Ondo State in Nigeria. This study is rooted in Uses and gratification and Henri Fayol's management theoretical propositions. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 200 sample size from male and female in Akure-South LG and a self-structured Likert style rating scale questionnaire was distributed to elicit responses. The data gathered was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). This study found that the level of awareness about CSP amongst the self-employed is low in Akure-South LG. It equally found that the effect of CSP on poverty alleviation amongst the self-employed is insignificant. This paper recommends that for CSP to have significant impact on poverty, the federal government should authorize the publication of information about CSP in various LG through communication media to improve the level of awareness, numbers of beneficiaries, establish feedback mechanism to monitor the effect of CSP implementation, ascertain accountability and transparency.

Keywords


Awareness, COVID-19, Management, Poverty, Self-employed and Survival Programme.

Full Text:

PDF

References


AAN, (2020). Press Release: COVID-19: Publish list of survival beneficiaries, anti-corruption groups urge government. Action Aid Nigeria. https://nigeria.actionaid.org/news/2020/press-release-covid-19-publish-list-survival-beneficiaries-anti-corruption-groups-urge (accessed December 4, 2020).

Cain, S. (2020). COVID-19: SME Survival Phase Two – Rebuilding your business. https://home.kpmg/au/en/home/insights/2020/06/covid-19-survival-for-sme-phase-2.html (accessed February 22, 2021).

CII, (2021). Poverty Defined. Compassion International Incorporation (CII) https://www.compassion.com/poverty/what-is-poverty.htm (accessed February 22, 2021).

Cresswell, J. W. & Plano C. V. L. (2011). Designing and conducting mixed method research. 2nd Sage; Thousand Oaks, CA.

Eranga, I. E. (2020). COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria: Survival Measures and the Politics of Vulnerability. International Journal of Maternal and Children Health and AIDS, Jul 8, 2020; 9(2): 220-222, doi: 10.21106/ijma.394. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7359756/ (accessed November 2, 2020).

ILO, (2021). Employment by status in employment. International Labor Organisation https://www.ilo.org/ilostat-files/Documents/description_STE_EN.pdf (accessed May 12, 2020).

Lakner, C., Yonzan N., Mahler D. G., Aguilar R. A. C., & Wu H. (2021). Updated estimates of the impact of COVID-19 on global poverty: Looking back at 2020 and the outlook for 2021. https://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/updated-estimates-impact-covid-19-global-poverty-looking-back-2020-and-outlook-2021 (accessed February 26, 2021).

Ikeyi Shittu & Co (2020). COVID-19- Additional survivals issued by the Federal Government of Nigeria. April 29: 1-4. https://iclg.com/briefing/11746-covid-19-additional-survivals-issued-by-the-federal-government-of-nigeria (accessed November 1, 2020).

Ita, I. I. & Efiong E. E. (2020). Post COVID-19 Survival Trajectory for the Nigerian Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 25(10), Series 3, 2020): 18-35. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344608650_Post_Covid-19_Survival_Trajectory_for_the_Nigerian_Micro_Small_and_Medium_Enterprises (accessed March 02 2021).

Joseph, K. O. (2012). Poverty Alleviation Strategies and the Challenge of Governance in Nigeria: the Way Forward from Legion of Failed Policies. 2012: 1-20. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/43009991.pdf (accessed February 25, 2021).

Kania, D. and Agatha, N. (2021). Online consumers and the application of uses and gratification theory Case Study: The Kaskus Website. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/243457-online-consumers-and-the-application-of-27c0796e.pdf (accessed June 30, 2021).

Mahembe, E. & Odhiambo N. M. (2019). Foreign aid and poverty reduction: A review of international literature. Cogent Social Sciences, 5(1), 2019: 1-15. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311886.2019.1625741. (accessed February 27, 2021).

Napoleon S. S. (2010). Poverty Alleviation Programmeme in Kogi State. Thesis, 2010: i-lxxxvi. https://www.unn.edu.ng/publications/files/images/Salifu%20Napoleon.pdf (accessed March 2, 2021).

Okonkwo O. N. (2015). Critical Review of Poverty Reduction Programmeme in Nigeria: Evidence from South-East Zone. IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance (IOSR-JEF), 6(6), Ver. I, (Nov. - Dec. 2015): 32-43.

Omale, P. S. (2001). "Politics & Public Administration in Nigeria" Silom Publication, Dekina in Kogi State of Nigeria.

Salau, G. (2020). Government condemns raid as residents loot COVID-19 survivals in warehouse. The Guardian, 23rd October. https://guardian.ng/news/govt-condemns-raid-as-residents-loot-covid-19-survivals-in-warehouse/ (accessed December 7, 2020).

SFP, (2021). Survival Fund Portal. https://youwin.org.ng/survival-fund-portal-www-survivalfund-ng/. (accessed February 22, 2021).

Surajo, A. Z., Umar A. S., Musa J. & Haruna, M. J. (2018). Poverty alleviation and sustainable development in Nigeria: a critical review. Journal of Rural Technology and Entrepreneurship Development (JORTED), (1) 1, 2018: 1-10. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329738563_poverty_alleviation_and_sustainable_development_in_nigeria_a_critical_review (accessed March 01 2021).

Taiwo, J.N . & Agwu M.E. (2016). Problems and Prospects of Poverty Alleviation Programmemes in Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Management Review, 4 (6), August 2016: pp.18-30, Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK.

United Nations (2020). Poverty Eradication. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Poverty. https://www.un.org/development/desa/socialperspectiveondevelopment/issues/poverty-eradication.html (accessed February 2, 2021).

Vinney, C. (2019). What Is Uses and Gratifications Theory? Definition and Examples https://www.thoughtco.com/uses-and-gratifications-theory-4628333 (accessed June 30, 2021).

WBG, (2021). Understanding Poverty. World Bank Group (WBG). https://www.worldbank.org/en/understanding-poverty (accessed February 27, 2021).

WHO (2019). Evaluating child survival programmemes. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2009: 83-83. https://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/87/2/09-062828/en/ (accessed February 25, 2021).

World Bank (2020). Poverty and Distributional Impacts of COVID-19: Potential Channels of Impact and Mitigating Policies. April 16, 2020: 1-10. http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/980491587133615932/Poverty-and-distributional-impacts-of-COVID-19-and-policy-options.pdf (accessed March 25, 2021).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

 

 

ISSN (Print): 2276-8645

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.