PHYSICO-CHEMICAL STUDIES OF OBIBIA STREAM DURING WET AND DRY SEASONS IN AWKA, ANAMBRA STATE NIGERIA

G. C. Ike, F. J. C. Odibo

Abstract


Water quality studies have served as important safety routine practices used to ensure the fitness of water used by man for different purposes. Physico-chemical examination of water helps to reveal the composition of a water sample as regards it pH, temperature, chemical and trace element contents, with a view to proffer a guide to its use by man for various purposes, and to also protect the health of humans who may consume it for drinking. Obibia stream is a popular water source in Awka-south local government of Anambra State, Nigeria. It has served about three main communities surrounding it for a good number of years. This research aimed at assessing its physico-chemical parameters. Thirty water samples (500 ml each) were collected for the study at wet and dry seasosns for a period of May 2015-July 2015 and December 2015-February 2016 respectively. Physico-chemical parameters examined were pH, temperature, conductivity, biological oxygen demand, colour, odour, total suspended solids, total dissolved solids and total solids. No significant (P> 0.05) differences existed in the physico-chemical values both in wet and dry seasons of study. However, there was more water turbidity experienced in the wet season. Results from this study show that water from this stream requires adequate treatment before being used for drinking, cooking and food processing which are its major uses in the communities it serves.


Keywords


Obibia, Awka, water quality, water-borne infections.

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