Rev. Dr. Theophilus Chukwu Ngele


Today, most people use whatever means possible to talk ill of others. Most times, it could be for personal gains, victimization, to obtain favour or purely for character assassination. While the right to free speech ought to be protected, as freedom of speech is a core value in this country secured in the constitution, like all fundamental rights, it must read harmoniously with others. In that case, shouldn’t something be said about statements that are intended to drive communities to go out against each other or to menace a youngster into violence or to drive a democratic system toward tyranny? Exploring these compromises is tricky, as compromises among essential principles normally are. This dilemma to choose between basic liberties and opportunities to promote “everyone’s interest” is complex and requires flexibility rather than strict compliance. However, such complexity does not imply that we abstain from exploring. To achieve the aim of this research, which is to explore what hate speech is and the lesson it has for the contemporary society considering Numbers 16:1-7, 31-35.

Full Text:



Bell, Jeannine. "Restraining the heartless: racist speech and minority rights". Indiana Law Journal. 84: 963–79. Retrieved 19 May, 2021.

Bennett, John T. "The Harm in Hate Speech: A Critique of the Empirical and Legal Bases of Hate Speech Regulation." Hastings Const. LQ 43 (2015): 445. 2012.

Brown-Sica, Margaret and Jeffrey Beall. Problem of Hate Speech. Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship, vol. 9 no. 2 (Summer 2008).

Conklin, Michael. "The Overlooked Benefits of 'Hate Speech': Not Just the Lesser of Two Evils". Rochester, NY., 2020.

Downs, Daniel M., and Gloria Cowan. "Predicting the importance of freedom of speech and the perceived harm of hate speech." Journal of applied social psychology 42, no. 6 (2012): 1353-1375. 2012.

Herbermann, Charles ed. "Core, Dathan, and Abiron." Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.

Herz, Michael and Peter Molnar, eds. The Content and Context of Hate Speech. Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Howard, Jeffrey W. "Free Speech and Hate Speech". Annual Review of Political Science. 2009.

Kinney, Terry A. Hate Speech and Ethnophaulisms. The International Encyclopedia of Communication. 2008.

Laub, Zachary. "Hate Speech on Social Media: Global Comparisons". The Council on Foreign

Nockleby, John T. "Hate Speech" in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. Leonard W. Levy and Kenneth L. Karst, vol. 3. (2nd ed.), Detroit: Macmillan Reference US, 2000.

Singer, Isidore, et al. eds. "Korah." The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. 1906.

Stone, Geoffrey R. "Hate Speech and the U.S. Constitution." Archived 04 June 2021 at the Wayback Machine East European Constitutional Review, vol. 3, 1994.

"hate speech". dictionary.cambridge.org.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





ISSN (Print): 2276-8645





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.