C. O. Ayuk, C. N. Nwangwu


This study assessed the perceived effects of reformative services provided by health workers on the health and well-being of inmates at Enugu Maximum Correctional Centre in Enugu State, Nigeria. The Standard Minimum Rules for Inmate Treatment of Prisoners vividly outline inmates' rights with regard to their health needs while incarcerated. Aside from inmates' medical needs, health and social workers are expected to provide reformative services to inmates. However, it is unclear how and to what extent correctional health workers' activities have contributed to these socially reformative services for inmates, as well as their effects on their health and well-being in Nigeria. This study employed a cross-sectional research design. The study area was the Enugu State Maximum Security Custodial Centre. A total of 400 inmates participated in the study. Purposive and convenience sampling techniques were adopted for this study. The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out or presented descriptively in table using frequency and percentages while the hypothesis was tested using chi-square statistical instruments each at 0.05 levels of significance. The finding showed that the inmates have a positive perception of the health worker’s reformative services on their health and well-being. Also, the study revealed that health worker’s reformative services have a significant influence on the wellbeing of inmates in Enugu Maximum Security Correctional Centre, Enugu State, Nigeria. The study recommends the need to strengthen the capacity of health workers in correctional facilities with reformative skills and engage more social health workers in correctional institutions as complementary clinical health workers providing reformative services to inmates.

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