Daniel Ikechukwu Onyeonagu


Days are gone when perpetrators of core international crimes hide under the cloack of soverignty to go with impunity. The principle of international criminal responsibility is a reality. This move to end impunity for violation of human rights has led to the creation of international and hybrid tribunals, a permanent international criminal court and increased prosecution of human rights violation in domestic courts. This article examines the attempts by the international community to bring perpetrators of heinious crimes to book. The work reveals the inadequacy of the current international mechanism for prosecuting core international crimes in order to end the culture of impunity and entrench the culture of accountability. It also identifies that ad hoc international criminal tribunals and the international criminal court face similar challenges ranging from lack of  co-operation by nation states, non existence of heirachy of crimes, lack of effective enforcement mechanism, limited prosecutorial capacity and agenda, difficulty in apprehending suspects, difficulty in blending different legal tradition, absence of a coherent sentencing guideline, distant location of courts, selective indictment, etc. These challenges adversely affect the functioning of these courts. It is suggested that a more helpful way to end impunity would be to have a more robust and synergistic relationship between national, regional and international approaches to prosecuting core international crimes.


Prosecution, Criminal, International,Tribunal, Justice, ad hoc

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ISSN (Print): 2276-8645





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