RADIO BROADCASTING INFLUENCE ON NATIONAL SECESSION INTEREST: INVESTIGATING THE USE OF RADIO BIAFRA IN PROPAGATING THEBIAFRA AGENDA IN SOUTHEAST, NIGERIA

U. Ebeze (PhD), C. P. Emenike

Abstract


The Biafra discourse is old and contemporary, and considering the use of media, especially radio in nascent self-rule struggles across the globe, the re-emergence of Radio Biafra became a national concern and an issue of topical interest. Following its instrumentality, much had been heard of the place of Radio Biafra in the ongoing agitation in the Southeast. Against this backdrop, this study examined the respondents' level of exposure, what they could recall as the main phrases used on the medium, whether the exposure had changed their perception of the Nigerian government, and the significant difference in views held by the young and old respondents on the use of violence to actualized the quest for a sovereign nation. The study was anchored on Frame theory and Agenda-setting theory with Survey as a research method in studying 400 respondents purposively selected from 21,955,300 who formed the population of the study. Findings revealed that the majority of the respondents believed that their exposure to Radio Biafra messages seemed to have changed their perception of the Nigerian government; though many of them, especially the elderly disagreed with the use of violence to actualize Biafran's interest. While a very insignificant number of them agreed on the use of violence since peaceful dialogue has failed. The study, therefore, recommended that government should ensure all regions of equitable attention and distribution of resources. While the management of the radio station should use the medium to promote the history and cultural integration in Igbo land and Nigeria in general.


Keywords


Framing theory, Agenda-setting theory, Biafra, Radio Biafra, Secession, Nigeria

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