Alan Ajonye Anyalewa, Elizabeth Idoko


Drug abuse has been a phenomenal subject over the ages with its attendant problems across peoples of various cultures. This study investigated age and depression on drug abuse amongst undergraduate students in Benue state university, Makurdi. The study utilized a cross-sectional survey design with three hundred and fifty students (350) as participants of which 201(52.1%) were males and 149(38.6%) were females, aged between17-35years with a mean age 24.03 (SD 4.34). Depression Questionnaire and Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-20) were used for data collection for the study after conducting a validation study to determine reliability of the instruments. Data was analysed using Linear and Multiple Regression Analysis to test the hypotheses. Findings revealed that age was not statistically significant on drug abuse among the students indicating that abuse of drugs takes place across ages among students. The findings also revealed  a significant influence of depression on drug abuse. The result indicated a positive score meaning that students who scored higher on depression significantly scored higher on drug abuse. However, the result was significant on age and depression on drug abuse among the sample. Based on these results, it was recommended among others that a social and enabling environment be created by the university management to prevent and manage cases of drug abuse on campus.


socio-demographic, Depression and Drug Abuse.

Full Text:



Abot, I. (2005). Substance Use among Students and Out Of School Youth in Urban Area of Nigeria. W.H.O. Geneva.

Adedeji, A. (2003). Substance use and its predictors among undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia. BMC Public Health, 11(1), 660.

Adeleke, P. (2012). Finding the balance – program fidelity and adaptation in substance abuse prevention: A state-of-the art review. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

Adeyemo, O. A., (2016) Depression and Substance abuse among secondary school students and its relationship with social coping and temperament. U.N.O.D.C bulletin on narcotics- Volume LI, Nos. 1 and 2, 1999-page 007..

Ajayi, I.A. & Ekundayo, H.T. (2010). Contemporary issues in educational management, Lagos. Nigeria. Bolabay Publications.

Ajayi, P., & Ayodele, V. N. (2003) The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 245-257

Azuike, R., Oni, A. & Dirisu, O. (2012). Stakeholders’ view on substance abuse and the development of effective and sustainable interventions in Nigeria: findings from a consultativeforum.Retrievedfrom:

Cristobal, E., Flavian, C., & Guinaliu, M. (2007) Perceived E-service Quality (PeSQ) Measurement Validation and Effects on Consumer Satisfaction and Web site Loyalty. Managing service Quality: An international Journal, 17,317-340

Drake, T., Stelffenhagan, R.M., McAree, C. & Presing, B.F. (2012). Demographic, valve and behaviour correlates of marijuana use among middle class youths. The international Journal of Social Psychiatry, 27(4).

Duarte, R. & Escario J.J (2006) Alcohol abuse and truancy among Spanish adolescents: a count-data approach, Economics of Education Review, 25, 179-187.

Eggert, L. L.; Thompson, E. A.; Herting, J. R., & Randall, B. P. (2001). Reconnecting Youth to prevent drug abuse, School Dropout, and Suicidal Behaviours among High – Risk Youth. Oxford United States of America.

Fantino, K. (2002). The influence of peers on young adult substance use. Health Psychology.; 21(4):349-57

Featherstone, M. & Hepworth, M. (1995). Images of Positive Ageing, in M. Featherstone and A Wernick, Images of Ageing. Routledge. London.

Gilbbins, (1976), Research Advances in Alcohol and Drug Problems. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Gillis, J., (1996), Rutgers University: Google Scholar for this author. First Published January 1, 1996 Research Article.

Haladu, S.H., (2003) Interpersonal Factors as Correlates of Alcohol Use among Secondary School Adolescents in Oyo State, Nigeria. Anthropologist, 9(4), 321-326.

José, A., Steve, E., Tania, K., & José, D.E., (2011) The relationship between drug abuse and depression among Spanish Adolescents: Journal of developmental Psychology: 3(7)15


Kuria M.W. (2006). Drug abuse among urban as compared to rural secondary schools students in Kenya: a short communication. East Africa Med J.; 73:339.

Laver, J. (1978)). Gender issues in substance abuse prevention. In Z. Sloboda & W. J. Bukoski (Eds.), Handbook of Drug Abuse Prevention, (pp. 351-363): Springer US.

Lewinsohn, D.A. (2007) Immune dominant tuberculosis CD8 antigens preferentially restricted by HLA-B. PLoSPathog 3:1240-1249.

NACADA (2005). Report Situation Assessment of Drug and Substance Abuse in Nairobi.

Njoku, C. O & Obogo, O., (2017) Prevalence of Depression and its relationship with drug abuse among senior secondary school students in Calabar, Calabar Cross River State, Nigeria: Journal of Clinical Psychology: 3(2)11

Oshodi, O.Y., Aina, O.F. & Onajole, A.T. (2010). Substance use among secondary school students in an urban setting in Nigeria: prevalence and associated factors. African Journal of Psychiatry, 1(3): 52-57.

Owoaje A. & Bello, A (2010) Depression as Causes of Drug use in the family: Impacts and implications for children. Australia: Australian National Council on Drugs.

Pradhan, S., D, Subhash, E., R., & Shrestha, K., A (2013) Depression among patients of substance use disorder: Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital and Punarjeevan Hospital: Journal of Clinical Psychology: 3(2)11

World Health Organization. (2006). Global status report on alcohol 2004. Retrieved from WorldHealthOrganizationWebsite:


  • There are currently no refbacks.





ISSN (Print): 2276-8645





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.