Abdulhamid Bashir Aminu


This study assessed the social and psychological impact of relief services on the well-being of emergency victims in Kano State. The objectives are to determine the immediate needs of emergency victims; determine the social impact of relief services on the well-being of emergency victims; to determine the psychological impact of relief services on the well-being of emergency victims, and determine the relationship between social and psychological impact of relief services provided by Kano State Emergency Management Agency (KSEMA The study employed a survey research design with population of 52,661 subjects comprising of 287 staff and 52,374 emergency victims benefitted from the relief services provided by KSEMA in Kano State. The sample of the study was 390 based on the table for determining sample size by Krejcie and Morgan (2006). The sampling procedure used in this study was a purposive sampling procedure. In this study therefore, the researcher deliberately selected and involved 30 Officials of KSEMA and 360 emergency victims who benefitted from the relief services of KSEMA. However, in reaching out to the sampled beneficiaries a snowball technique was used. Two self-developed instruments were used in collection of data. These were a Questionnaire and a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Guide. While a 4-point Likert Scale type Questionnaire named “Questionnaire for Emergency Victims of KSEMA” (QEVKSEMA) for the emergency victims was used, an FGD was conducted with officials of KSEMA who were involved in the delivery of the relief services. The validity of the instrument was ascertained by experts. And the reliability of the instruments was obtained using the split-half method in which the reliability coefficient level of 0.074 was obtained.  Data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics and discussed qualitatively. Findings of the study revealed among others that the immediate needs of emergency victims in Kano State were security of lives and properties; comfortable shelter; essential food stuff; adequate medical facilities; reconstructions; sufficient monetary donations; adequate family welfare; counselling support; relationship building; livelihood activities, and spiritual needs to address social, and psychological challenges, and there is significant relationship between social and psychological impact of relief services on the well-being of emergency victims in Kano State, Nigeria. Recommendations made by the study include; Government of Kano State should provide adequate security of lives, properties, and insurance of goods and services of emergency victims so as to facilitate their social resettlement in to their families, religious, and cultural activities, and KSEMA should put hands together with other professional counsellors, Hisbah board and religious faith organizations in the provision of adequate counselling that will reduce the damages and the vulnerability among the emergency victims.


Learned helplessness, Psychological adjustment, Relief services, Social welfare, Social work, and Trauma.

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