POLYGYNY, RELIGION AND FERTILITY BEHAVIOUR AMONG THE TIV IN BENUE STATE

Aodoaseer Lawrence Kwaghga, Rhoda Dewua (PhD), Celestina Akpoghul, Terkaa Benedict Iornyagh, Member Josephine Oragbai, Eugene Tyokever Amaakaven

Abstract


Background: The nexus between polygyny and religious practices and fertility levels has been contentious. These practices are common among Nigerians including the Tiv in Benue State. This study examined the effects of polygyny and religion on fertility transition among the Tiv in Benue State.

Objectives: The objectives were to explore the effects of religion and polygyny on fertility transition among the Tiv in Benue state.

Methodology: Multi stage sampling technique was used to select four hundred (400) respondents using Taro Yamane formula of sample size determination. Data for the study was elicited from questionnaire and key informant interview. Analysis of quantitative data was through descriptive and inferential statistics. Analysis of qualitative data was done using content analysis and direct quotation of responses.

Results: The study found a high prevalence rate of polygyny and religion with a high attitudinal support towards it by the people. This was associated with the high birthrate and high fertility within the study area.

Unique contribution: Polygyny and religion have significantly influenced fertility behaviour and transition among the Tiv

Conclusion: The high prevalence of polygyny and religion has resulted to high fertility.

Key recommendation: There is need to adopt culture based mechanisms such as mechanized farming, increased access to quality education, upgrading of local markets, girl-child education and mobilization and sensitization of the people using community based institutions to regulate fertility.   


Keywords


Polygyny, Religion, Fertility behaviour/Transition, Tiv, Benue State

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ademola, A. (2002). Changes in the Patterns of Marriage and Divorce in a Yoruba Town. Rural Africana 14: 61.

Adikwu, (2016), the Influence of Increasing Population on Environment in Ogbadibo LGA. Benue State. An unpublished undergraduate project. Department of Sociology, Benue State University, Makurdi.

Ajir (2017) Sociology; A comprehensive introduction. Selfers Academic Press Ltd

Becker, .G S. (1981) A Treatise on the Family. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Binka, Fred (1995). “The Navrongo Community Health and Family Planning Project.”Studies in Family Planning 26, 3: 121–139.

Bongaarts J. (1978) a framework for analyzing the proximate determinants of fertility. Population development review 4(1): 105-132

Caldwell, J.C. (1982). Theory of Fertility Decline. Academic Press, London.

Caldwell, John and Caldwell, Pat (1987). The cultural context of high fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Published by population council. Population and development review, Vol.13 No.3.

Cohen, B. (1993). Fertility Levels, Differentials and Trends.” In Demographic Change in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by K.A. Foote, K.H. Hill, and L.G. Martin, 8-67. Washington D.C., USA: National Academic Press.

Davis K & Blakes J (1956) Social structure and fertility: an analytic framework. Economic Development and Cultural change 112-135

Ezeh, A.C. (1997). “Polygyny and Reproductive Behaviour in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Contextual Analysis.” Demography 34(2): 209-43.

Kwaghga A. L (2018b) Culture and fertility. Kency Printing Press, Makurdi

Kwaghga A. l and Gbarave M. (2019), the effects of cultural practices on fertility transition in Guma Local Government Area, Benue State. African Journal of Management, Social Sciences & Humanities, Nigeria. 8(1), 150-169

Kwaghga A. L, Shimakaa I. A and Chinta T. (2018) Demand for children and fertility transition in Guma Local Government area, Benue State. Benue Journal of Social Sciences. Vol 6 No.1,December pp 284-300

Kwaghga A.L and Chinta T. (2018) Themes in sociological analysis. Kency printing press

Kwaghga A.L. (2018) the effects of cultural practices on fertility behavior in Guma Local Government Area. An unpublished M.Sc Dissertation, Department of Sociology, Benue State University.

Muinde, J.N., and M.S. Mukras (1979). Some Aspects of Determinants of Fertility in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: Population Studies and Research Institute and Economics Department, University of Nairobi.

Naksomboon P & Mondain N. (2013) The Motivations For Polygyny In Nigeria". Research paper, University of Ottawa

National Population Commission (2018) Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2018. Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF.

Roam, J. And Railay, M. (1990). Reproductive Goals and Achieved Fertility: The 15 Years Perspective. Demography 16: 523.

Vavrus, F. (2000). The Relationship between Schooling and Fertility in Tanzania. Boston, MA, USA: Harvard School of Public Health.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

 

 

ISSN (Print): 2276-8645

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.