Samuel Akpan-Isong, Raphael C. Eze, Uzodinma C. Okafor


This study focused on foreign involvement in the 2019 general election in Nigeria. It considered the various roles played by the foreigners who expressed their interest in the conduct of free and fair elections in Nigeria in 2019. The study centred around three objectives which include: to examine the nature of election in Nigeria, challenges facing the monitoring and conduct of free and fair elections and impact of foreign involvement on the 2019 general election in Nigeria. The study employed the use of ex post facto design utilizing documentary evidence as method of data collection and deductive logic was used as the method of data analysis. The study revealed that the nature of election in Nigeria has remained warfare and nothing has changed so far thus, it explained the extent of the struggle for the accumulation of state power that is consequent on a very weak security institution. The impact is that the foreign involvement has not made many changes on the electoral behaviours of the ruling class and the ruled in Nigeria. As such, the study recommends that Federal government should build internal mechanism devoid of manipulation to help put up effective check against election manipulation in Nigeria to ensure that elections in Nigeria are conducted properly. Again, the security agencies in Nigeria should be strengthened to live up their biding in ensuring peaceful elections in Nigeria.


Democracy, Foreign involvement, General elections, International observer, Nigeria

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