ROLES OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY AND GENDER ON DEPRESSION AND NEGATIVE SCHEMA IN HIV/AIDS PATIENTS IN ENUGU.

Okwunwa Sabina Okenyi, Jacob Igo, Emmanuel Ifeanyi Eze

Abstract


The incidence of HIV/AIDS seems to be on the increase in Enugu metropolis. Everyday observations seem to reveal that efforts to combat the scourge have not yielded much result. Moreover, the HIV/AIDS patients seem to present symptoms of depression and negative schema structure that seem to water down the efficacy of the ART. Thus, the study investigated the effects of cognitive behaviour therapy on depression and negative schema structure as well as gender differences among HIV/AIDS patients drawn from four hospitals in Enugu metropolis.  Using purpose sampling technique, a total of 600 participants who met the criteria were used. Two instruments were used, namely Beck’s depression inventory (BDI) measured depressive symptoms and dysfunctional attitude scale (DAS) was used to measure the negative schema structure in the HIV/AIDS patients. Using the 2-way ANOVA, findings showed that cognitive behaviour therapy contributed immensely in reducing the depressive symptoms and negative schema structure in HIV/AIDS patients at the four hospitals. There was no gender difference in depressive symptoms and negative schema structure in HIV/AIDS patients. Cognitive behaviour therapy should be recommended to the hospitals handling HIV/AIDS patients. Those taking care of them in the hospitals should be notified to give equal treatment to both male and female HIV/AIDS patients.


Keywords


Cognitive behaviour therapy, Gender, Depression, Negative schema

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