DYNAMICS AND CHALLENGES OF DEMOCRACY AND MASS POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA: A DISCOURSE USING AMINU KANO POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

Abdulrasheed Abdulyakeen, Nurain Abayomi Mumuni

Abstract


The study analyses how Aminu Kano's political philosophy relates to Nigeria's mass poverty reduction and democratic practices. In order to achieve the greatest happiness for the largest number of people, societies can now follow the road provided out by Kano's philosophical views. Through the use of descriptive analysis and data produced from secondary sources, it was realized that the ruling class's version of "democracy" in Nigeria did not seem to improve the wellbeing of the general populace. The study discovered that, incessant labour strikes in crucial industries like health and education, social welfare institutions, the health care system, and education have all continued to deteriorate, poverty has only gotten worse, unemployment is rising, and corruption is rife. The study's conclude, these are the reasons why Nigeria's political system does not substantially embody Kano's conception of democratic humanism. It recommend that focus be given to the effective and efficient use of human and mineral resources through the implementation of a system that guarantees resource allocation equity, raises the standard of living for the majority, and defends the rights of the vast majority. The rule of law ought to be upheld since it would, in most cases, guarantee an efficient form of government.


Keywords


Africa, Aminu Kano, Democracy, Poverty, Governance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abba, A. (2007). The Northern Elements Progressive Union and the Politics of radical Nationalism in Nigeria 1938-1960. Abdullahi Smith Centre for Historical Research.

Abba, A.(Eds.), (1993). The Politics of Malam Aminu Kano. Documents from the Independence Struggle 1950-1960, Kaduna Vanguard Printers and Publishers.

Abba, S. (2006). “Democracy in Nigeria”, Journal of Political Studies, Abuja, Yaliam.

Agbese, O. (2005). Fourth Years of Democracy in Nigeria: Still Searching for freedom in Aaron T. Gana and Yakubu B.C. Omelleeds; Democratic Rebirth in Nigeria, Vol.1: 1999-2003. Pinsboro, N.J: Africarus multimedia.

Ake, C. (1994). “A Plausible Transition”. Tell, Sept. 25, Lagos.

Ake, C. (1980). A Political Economy of Africa. London: Longman Group.

Ake, C. (2000). Feasibility of Democracy in Africa. Dakar: CODESRA

Ake, C. (2001). The State in Contemporary Africa, in Alapiki, H. (Eds.). The Nigerian Political Process. PortHarcourt: Emha Printing and Publishing Company.

Akpa, P. A (2001) “Poverty and Good Governance: The Challenge for Development” In Nigerian Journal of Political and Administrative Studies. Benue State University, Makurdi. Volume 2, No 2.

Ali, G. (2006). Alleviating Poverty in Northern Nigeria. A paper Presented at the annual convention of Zumunta Association, Minneapolis, USA. July 28-29.

Alinsky, S. (1972). Rules for Radicals, New York: Vint: Books

Anyanwu, J. (1997). Poverty in Nigeria: Concepts and Measurement and Determinants. Lagos: Serenity Books.

Benn, S. and Peter, R. (1964). The Principle of Political Thoughts: Social Foundations of the Democratic State, New York: Collier Books.

Dambatta, A. (1993). Malam Aminu Kano in the struggle for Democracy and Unity in Nigeria: Centre for Democratic Studies.

Dike, V. (2005). Democracy and the Celebration of Poverty. London: Hutchinson Publishing.

Edoh, T. (2003). Poverty and the Survival of Democracy in Nigeria, in Nigerian Journal of Political and Administrative Studies. Vol.1, No.4.

Ejifor, G. (2002). Mallam Aminu Kano: A Political Phenomenon, Kano: Umuokpa Ogali Omuogali.

Feinstein, A. (1987). African Revolutionary: The Life and Times of Malam Aminu, Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishing Company.

Gambo, H. (1954). “Wakar ‘Yan Sawaba” (Poem for Folowers of Sawaba), stanzas 11 and 20.

Gwadabe, M. (2007). “Native Administration and the Emergence of NEPU (Radical Politics) in Kano Emirate 1903-1960”, in Lapai Journal of Humanities, Vol. 1. No.1

Hood, S. (2004). Political Development and Democratic Theory. New Delhi Asoke Gosh PHI Learning.

Ibrahim, A., & Cheri, L. (2013). Democracy, Political Instability and the African crisis of implications. Technical and Industrial Research Unit. University of Zambia. Limited.

Jega, A., Wakili, H., Ahmad, M. Lawal, M., (Eds), (2002). Malam Aminu Kano: Selected Speeches and Writtings, 1950-1982, Kano: CDRT, Mambayya House.

Kano, A. (1955)

Kano, Aminu (1978/4) Diaries.

Lawal, T. (2010). Political Thuggery and violence in Nigeria; the Bane of Women participation in politics. http:www.articlebase.com/politics-article/political Thuggery and violence in Nigeria; the bane of women participation in politics.

Macpherson, B. (1966). The Real World of Democracy: The Massey Lectures, Oxford; Clarendon Press.

Maitama, S. (1969). Personal Interview, Kano, July, recorded by Alan Feinstein

Maiturare, L., (n.d), ‘Ya’yan NEPU Muna Yawa Zalumai Kwa Canja Bakin Zama (Members of NEPU are increasing, Oppressors will have to change).

Nyong, S. (2004). The Political Economy of Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria. Development Studies 24 (6): 177-190.

Nzongola-Ntalaja, G. (1997). Democracy and Development in Africa: A Tribute to Claude Ake. Abuja: Afrigov

Obasanjo, O. (1999). Address delivered at the Annual Lecture of the West African Committee, London. In New Democratic Nigeria (Vol.1 Economic Policy), London, Nigeria High Commission, London.

Omoruyi, O. (1991). Malam Aminu and the Legacy of Grassroots Politics in Nigeria, Abuja: Centre for Democratic Studies.

Onibokun, M., and Kumuyi, V., (1994). Forty Years of Alleviating Rural Poverty in Osuntokun, J. (2002). Democracy and the Nigeria Populace: What divided? Ibadan: University Press.

Oshiomole, A. (2010). “The Challenges of Consolidating Democracy in Nigeria-the Role of Labour’. A lecture delivered at the convocation Ceremony of Benue University, Makurdi, April 23, 2010.

OXFAM (2003). Measuring Poverty in Nigeria. Abuja.

Paden, J. (1973). Religion and Political Culture in Kano, Bekeley: University of California Press.

Prezeworski, A. (1996). “What Makes Democracy Endure”, in Journal of Democracy, Vol. 7, No. 1.

Rabiu, U. (1988). “The Political Thoughts of Malam Aminu Kano” BSc. Thesis, BUK.

Scheduler, A. (1998). “What is Democracy Consolidation”, Journal of Democracy, 9 (April). p 91-107.

Sibine, G and Thorson, T. (1973). A History of Political Theory. New Delhi, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, p. 114-115.

Sule, A. (2001). “Address Read at the Aminu Kano Memorial Symposium, April, 2001” in A.M. Jega, Ibrahim, Bello-Kano and H. Wakili (Eds), Democracy and Good Governance in Nigeria: The Legacy of Malam Aminu Kano, Kano: Mambayya House.

Tawney, H. (1964). Equality, London: Unwin.

Todaro, M. and Smith, C. (2003). Economic Development (8 Eds.). Delhi: Pearson Education Ltd, India. UNDP (2006) Human Development Reports. http//www.hdr2006/statistics/countries/countryfactsheets/

World Bank (2001). ‘Africa: Rural Development Strategy; Vision to Action update’, Mimeo, Washington DC: World Bank.

Yahya, D. (1989). “Kano Intellectual History: Mapping the Intellectual Landscape” in Barkindo B.M. (Eds) Kano and Some of Her Neighbours, Zaria: ABU Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

 

 

ISSN (Print): 2276-8645

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.