ECO-VIOLENCE AND FARMER-HERDERS CONFLICTS IN NIGERIA: A DISCOURSE

Angela Onyema Abel, Peter Luke Oyigebe

Abstract


Climate change has forced herders to move out of the desert to the forest in search for greener posture but not ethnic war. How the address this challenges remains a challenge for this regime and even the next regime. The chapter reveals the role of the President Buhari led-administration to curb the farmer-herders conflict. All the attempts at conceptualizing lasting solution to the crisis faced politicization. This chapter urges states to join the federal government at the centre in encouraging all sides to these conflicts to make efforts towards finding a peaceful resolution. As we seek a permanent solution to these unwanted conflicts, efforts must be made to ensure that no innocent person faces any kind of deprivation or loss of right and freedom under our laws.The fight for peace in the north-central states, the fight against social insecurity and conflicts, must comprise determined action against food security, poverty, inequality, injustice, and against the most extreme and most dependence-inducing form of poverty - being hungry, insecure of today's and tomorrow's food. Access to land is a major cause of conflicts in this region. Central to the discussion in this paper is the need for the State to review the existing laws as it relate to accessibility to land by members of community. This issue is key to resource sustainability in Nigeria as majority of its citizens require land for farming and grazing. Government should ensure that there is equity and accessibility to arable and grazing land to avert constant conflict.


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