Daniel Rosemary Onchi, Doris Lami Madugu


Co-parenting, the collaborative parenting approach between separated or divorced individuals, presents both opportunities and challenges in ensuring children receive consistent care and support despite parental separation. This theoretical paper examines co-parenting as a mechanism to prioritize child well-being and foster a stable upbringing in non-romantic relationships. The primary problem addressed is the impact of parental separation on children's emotional and developmental outcomes, necessitating effective co-parenting strategies to mitigate potential negative effects. The objectives are twofold: firstly, to explore theoretical frameworks such as attachment theory and family systems theory to understand the dynamics of co-parenting relationships; secondly, to analyze existing secondary data to identify common challenges and successful practices in co-parenting arrangements. Methodologically, this paper utilizes a literature review approach, synthesizing empirical studies and theoretical perspectives to elucidate the complexities and benefits of co-parenting. Findings highlights the importance of communication, cooperation, and child-focused decision-making in successful co-parenting outcomes, emphasizing stability and emotional support as critical factors in children's well-being. In conclusion, effective co-parenting requires a shift from personal grievances to a child-centered approach, promoting resilience and positive adjustment in children post-separation. Recommendations include tailored interventions and support services that enhance co-parenting skills, reduce conflict, and empower parents to collaboratively nurture their children's development. By prioritizing the child's welfare and fostering a nurturing environment, co-parenting can significantly mitigate the adverse impacts of parental separation on children's lives.


Co-parenting, Attachment Theory, Family Systems Theory, Communication, Conflict Resolution

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